Leiden or Leyden is one of the most important historical city in the Dutch province of South Holland. For so many years ago the area, Nieuw Leyden used to be a public slaughterhouse near downtown. And this slaughterhouse contains a huge effect on the land. The potential of this area is to develop a residential area for people to have an ability to create their houses. Besides, improving a living and working environment.
Within the fields with the joined, individually designed houses, a new inner-city environment is created in addition to the existing surrounding neighborhoods. The urban framework is designed in a way that it guarantees the largest freedom possible in filling in the plots. Along the main road (the Willem de Zwijger Boulevard) a series of characteristic buildings are developed with a mixed and diverse programmes, such as housing, retail and education.
Nieuw Leyden project is containing 16 hectares with a programme of 670 dwellings. The planning of the project took place from 2005 till 2013 by MVRDV architect, while the houses themselves individually created by different young architectural offices. Half of the new housing will develop within the framework of so-called private client- and consumer-driven developments. The urban plan gives strict parameters to ensure the relative cohesive context of the urban grid, but at the same time offers enough flexibility for clients to driven developments.
Nowadays, Nieuw Leyden has been one of the most successful Zelfbouw(Self-home built) projects and a good example for a small living scale throughout The Netherlands.